(Hook nosed sea pig)
120k (ish) in the UK
Fish eating Carnivore
Males reach 300kg
Females reach 200kg
Avg lifespan 30-40 years
Protected by the Conservation of Seals act 1970.
IUCN have included them on the red list for endangered species.
Legally protected within the Special Areas of Conservation & Special Sites of Scientific Interest
Seals habitat requirements
Our local seals eat a wide range of fish, cephalopods (squid, cuttlefish) and crustaceans (crabs, lobsters). They particularly like to eat the sand eels and fish that live near to our sea bed. It is important to protect sea grass and keep these areas free of litter and pollutants.
Threats to seals
Seals nearly became extinct in the 19th century. Populations are now much more secure. Other than humans, they have no natural predators. They are badly affected by noise pollution, plastic entanglement, fishing & tourism disturbance and climate change.
Grey seals usually come ashore to breed from late September until December. They often go back to the same beach each year to breed. Often this is when they get in trouble. The best thing you can do for a seal is encourage everyone to give them space and call the BDMLR number on our contacts page.
They give birth to a single pup of about 12-14kg, which the mother sniffs to learn its scent. Pups are suckled five or six times a day for 16 – 18 days, more than doubling and their weight by the time they are weaned and have moulted their white fur.
The nature of a seals fur is to start white and then reveal markings after their moult. These markings allow us to identify these seals, photograph them record and build a database as to where they are and how they are doing. A network of people do this, answering new questions all the time. The Seal project covers an area of 40km around the UK Coastline from Kingswear to Dawlish.
Seals have no coverings on their ears and have sensitive hearing. Out of the water, the seals hearing is similar to that of a human. St Andrews University has completed a study that shows seals hearing enables them to mimic human singing. They are sociable and want to communicate with others. The Monash University has also proved they use underwater clapping to communicate. Very large claps scare away threats and a lighter clap attracts a mate. If we introduce large amounts of man made noise into their environments they are scared off, leave and become confused.
Seals may be inquisitive when they meet you swimming or kayaking. Be gentle and quietly try to keep your distance. They are unlikely to cause any harm but may be playful. When you see them on the shore in a banana like shape, they are are raising their front and rear flippers to regulate their temperature in the shallow water.
Please don't feed seals. We need them to survive in the most natural way possible. If you see seals up close it is tempting to offer them food so that they will come closer but it wouldn't be kind to do so.
What can I do?
Help keep our beaches clean
Reduce the amount of single use plastics that you buy
Go to our action page and help the Seal Project team
Let us know if you see seals and take photos
Spread the word and raise awareness
If you spot a seal on a beach, give it good space.
Call the BDMLR if you spot a seal in distress.
We will be updating this page with more links and descriptions as to the work we complete with our partners. In the meantime, please click though to their main sites using these following links: